Sun, May 19, 2024

IMF Forecasts 3.2% Global Growth in 2024

Russia's Economy Has A $3.4 Billion Buffer Thanks To Fuels

Quick Look: 

  • IMF revises the 2024 global growth forecast by 0.1%, maintaining a stable outlook amidst global challenges.
  • Advanced economies like the US and the Eurozone show positive indicators, surpassing pre-COVID levels.
  • Geopolitical tensions, inflation risks, and differing central bank approaches threaten forecasted growth despite potential economic drivers.
  • The IMF emphasizes urgent reforms for sustained medium-term growth, including resource allocation improvements and leveraging artificial intelligence for productivity.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has recently revised its global economic growth forecast for 2024 upwards, maintaining a stable outlook consistent with the 2023 projections amidst various global challenges.

IMF: Global Economy Eyes Soft Landing in 2024

The IMF projects the global growth rate in 2024 at 3.2%, a modest increase of 0.1 percentage point from its earlier forecast. This rate is expected to hold steady into 2025, suggesting a period of sustained economic stability. Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas, the Chief Economist of the IMF, remarked on the promising outlook, noting that the global economy is on course for a soft landing. He emphasized that the risks to the economic outlook are now broadly balanced. Moreover, he highlighted the global economy‘s resilience, which maintained steady growth and controlled inflation more effectively than anticipated.

Varied Economic Recovery in the US and Eurozone

The economic performance varies significantly between advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies, indicators are positive, with the US surpassing its pre-COVID-19 economic levels and the Eurozone showing robust signs of recovery. These developments contribute to a balanced global economic outlook.

However, emerging market economies face more significant challenges. China and other large emerging markets are experiencing subdued prospects, primarily due to internal market downturns and global trade tensions. These factors are integral to understanding the disparate impacts on global economic stability.

IMF Cautions on Geopolitical, Inflation Risks

The global economic landscape faces several potential risks that could disrupt the forecasted growth. These include China’s ongoing difficulties with its property market downturn, geopolitical tensions and persistent global trade tensions. Additionally, there are disparities in inflation reduction paths among major economies and the risk of prolonged high-interest rates.

Despite these potential threats, certain factors could drive economic growth. These include adopting more relaxed fiscal policies, a continued decrease in inflation rates, and technological advancements, especially in artificial intelligence, which could bolster economic performance.

Central Banks’ Diverse Tactics on Inflation Control

The IMF report points out the differing approaches among central banks, especially between the Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank, regarding interest rate policies. There is potential for rate hikes by the Federal Reserve in response to stubborn inflation and increasing tensions in the Middle East.

Global headline inflation is expected to decrease progressively from 6.8% in 2023 to 5.9% in 2024 and further to 4.5% by 2025. Advanced economies are likely to return to their inflation targets more quickly than their emerging market and developing economy counterparts, aiding in global economic stabilization.

Regional Growth Varies: 1.8% in Advanced Economies

The IMF’s five-year forecast anticipates a global growth rate averaging 3.1%, one of the lowest rates in recent decades. Nevertheless, regional growth forecasts indicate slight improvements. Moreover, advanced economies are expected to grow gradually from 1.6% in 2023 to 1.8% in 2025. Through 2024 and 2025, analysts project that emerging and developing economies will sustain a stronger growth rate of around 4.2%.

IMF Urges Reforms for Sustained Medium-Term Growth

The IMF emphasizes the need for urgent reforms to ensure medium-term growth. These include improving resource allocation, enhancing labour force participation, and leveraging artificial intelligence for productivity improvements. Addressing these issues is crucial to overcoming demographic pressures and the slow pace of private capital formation.

While uncertainties and challenges mark the global economic landscape, the latest IMF report offers a cautiously optimistic forecast supported by potential economic drivers and a realistic assessment of the risks ahead. The balance of monetary policies and strategic inflation management will be pivotal in shaping future economic trajectories.

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