Wed, May 22, 2024

USD/CHF Climbs to 0.9150 on US-Swiss Policy Shifts

usd/chf Franc: New Swiss franc bills.

Quick Look:

  • USD/CHF stabilises with key support and resistance levels noted; potential for a bullish trend on breaking 0.9243.
  • US Fed is likely to maintain rates; Swiss National Bank cut rates, with more cuts expected.
  • The US shows mixed signals with stable PMIs; the Swiss economy weakens with low inflation and retail sales.

The USD/CHF currency pair has recently hit a six-month high, with the exchange rate reaching 0.9150. Just shy of its recent peak at 0.9152 recorded on April 15. This upsurge reflects a bullish sentiment driven by several key economic and policy factors, notably the diverging monetary policies of the United States and Switzerland.

US and Swiss Banks’ Rate Decisions Propel USD/CHF to 0.9150

The disparity in monetary policy expectations between the US Federal Reserve and the Swiss National Bank (SNB) has become a critical driver of the USD/CHF pair’s movements. While the SNB cut its policy rate by 25 basis points to 1.50% in March and is anticipated to reduce it further in June, the Federal Reserve is expected to maintain its interest rates, with a high probability of 84.6% for stability through June. This policy divergence is enhancing the attractiveness of the US dollar, underscored by a robust yield environment.

Mixed US Economic Signals Contrast with Swiss Downturn

Higher 10-year yields on US Treasury bonds further bolster the US dollar’s appeal. Meanwhile, Swiss economic indicators paint a less favourable picture, with annual inflation in Switzerland dropping to a two-year low of 1% in March. Additionally, declines in business confidence and retail sales add to the pressures on the Swiss Franc.

In contrast, the US economic landscape presents mixed signals. The S&P Global Composite PMI stood at 50.9 in April, down from 52.1, indicating slowing yet stable economic activity. This is mirrored in the manufacturing and services sectors, where PMI readings have similarly decreased, slightly missing expectations.

USD/CHF’s Technical Stance: Potential for Break above 0.9243

Technically, the USD/CHF pair exhibits a neutral daily outlook with current biases stabilised. Key resistance lies near term at 0.9151 and medium term at 0.9243, while support is at 0.8996 for the short term and 0.8728 for the medium term. The long-term view suggests that the currency pair is in a corrective pattern from the 2022 high of 1.0146, with potential for further rises as long as the 0.8728 support holds.

However, any upward movement is expected to meet resistance at 0.9243 on initial attempts. A decisive break above this level could indicate a shift to a bullish trend, reversing the longer downtrend.

USD/CHF at a Crossroads: Key Influences from Central Banks

The USD/CHF currency pair is at a pivotal point, influenced by significant economic factors and policy decisions from central banks. Investors and traders will closely monitor these developments, particularly the actions of the SNB and Federal Reserve in the coming months, to gauge potential impacts on currency valuations and make informed decisions in this dynamic forex market. As the global economic landscape evolves, the interplay between policy, economic data, and market sentiment will continue to be crucial in shaping the trajectory of USD/CHF.

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